Past Issues - Vol. 6 , No. 1, January - June 2010

Al-Shifa Journal of Ophthalmology

Editorial: Gender and blindness
Mustafa Kamal Akbar, FRCS

Hemodynamic differences in Primary Open Angle and Primary Closed Angle Glaucoma: a cross sectional retrospective study

Asifa Ahmed,, Shazia Micheal, Farah Akhtar, Muhammad Imran, Sajeela Yousaf , Muhammad Bilal, Felix Gill

POAG and PCAG cases were identified from patients record and different
Hemodynamic parameters were evaluated. High Systolic Perfusion Pressure, Diastolic Perfusion Pressure, and Mean Perfusion Pressure were more strongly associated with
PCAG. In patients with no systemic diseases, DPP and Mean Arterial Pressure were significantly associated with PCAG.

Low vision rehabilitation for patients with Age-related Macular Degeneration

Saemah Nuzhat Zafar MCPS, FCPS, FRCS, Fellow in Pediatric Ophthalmology, Kashmala Rafique BSc, FIACLE (Aus), DOptom, Nadeem Qureshi MBBS, FCPS

Newly diagnosed patients of AMD were included in the study. 24 (30%) patients received intra vitreal therapy and/or Argon laser treatment, 37 (47%) patients were referred to the low vision clinic, while 18 (23%) patients were taught self monitoring of symptoms. Extremely statistically significant improvement in near vision was seen in 36 patients.

Risk factors for early posterior capsule opacification after cataract surgery

Ayisha Kausar, MCPS, FCPS, Naima Zaheer MCPS, FCPS, Mahmood Ali MCPS, FCPS. Dr. Farah Akhtar DOMS, FCPS.

Records of patients developing posterior capsule opacification within and after 12 months of cataract extraction (73 in each group) were reviewed. Significant risk of early PCO included ECCE versus phacoemulsification (p =0.000), PMMA vs. Acrylic IOLs (p 0.000), and can-opener capsulotomy vs. continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (p 0.00).

Does gender have an effect in the prevalence of types of glaucoma in Pakistani population?

Farah Akhtar, Shazia Micheal, Muhammad Imran Khan, Sajeela Yousaf , MuhammadBilal, Asifa Ahmed, Raheel Qamar

Retrospective study including 3021 glaucoma patients was conducted to determine the gender inequality in various types of glaucoma and loss of vision. Males had more prevalent POAG whereas females were suffering more from PCAG. Although the overall prevalence was higher in males but the blindness rate was greater in all types of glaucoma in females.

Systemic clinical manifestations associated with simple congenital ptosis

Tayyab Afghani MBBS, MCPS, MS

Medical record of 300 patients who were operated by the author during a seven year period was analysed to look for patients who presented with systemic associations. Out of 300 patients, 6(2%) patients were identified who had some associated systemic anomaly. The anomalies included dextrocardia, skeletal anomalies like absence of phalanx, fusion of ribs, shortening of limbs, as well as cleft palate and atrophy of thigh muscles