Past Issues - Vol. 5 , No. 1, January - June 2009

Al-Shifa Journal of Ophthalmology

Editorial- Age related macular degeneration: current and future therapies

Nadeem Qureshi, FCPS

Effect of Low Vision on Quality of Life

Syed Minhaj ul Haq, MPH, Syed Waheed-ullah Shah, MBBS

Using a combination of quantitative & qualitative research methods, sixty patients were assessed for effect of low vision on quality of life. Quality of life assessment instruments were tested for validity, reliability & responsiveness. A strong relationship between low vision and quality of life was observed in the data. The participants had nihilistic feelings due to their low vision. Lower the vision, worse were the feelings.

Hospital based Refractive Error Study in Children at Chittagong Eye Infirmary and Training Complex

Abdul Mannan Sikder, Murtuza Nuruddin, Munirujzaman Osmani

A total of 500 children were included in this hospital-based study. In uncorrected state 44% children had visual acuity less than 6/18 and after best correction only 3% had the same. Myopia was present in 64.6% cases and hyperopia was present in 22.6% cases. Astigmatism of 0.75 D or more was
present in 56% cases. Amblyopia was found in 26.6% cases.

Prevalence Study of Age Related Macular Degeneration in a Target Population of Rawalpindi Division

Saemah Nuzhat Zafar, FRCS, Tayyab Afghani, MS

A community based prevalence study was carried out where 1152 persons aged 55 years or above were examined for AMD by an ophthalmologist. Out of 816 persons meeting the inclusion criteria, 55 (6.74%) patients had signs of AMD. Late AMD was seen in 7 (0.86%) and early AMD in 47 (5.88%).    

Effect of diabetes on ocular lens thickness 

Imran Azam Butt  FCPS, Mubashar Jalis FCPS,
Shahzad Waseem FCPS, Naheed Ghani

112 patients were studied to determine the effect of hyperglycemia on thickness of crystalline lens of eye in diabetic population. Ocular lens thickness was measured
in 56 diabetic patients and 56 non-diabetic controls by using A-scan biometry. Thickness of crystalline lens was in the range of 4.00-6.21 mm with mean of 5.10 mm in diabetics and in range of 4.00-4.50mm with mean of 4.16mm in non-diabetic controls

Comparison of Visual Outcome between Superior Scleral Tunnel and Temporal Scleral Tunnel Approaches in Manual Small-Incision Cataract Surgery

Mohammad Siddique FCPS, Muhammad Ashraf FCPS,
Zaffar Ali Malik DOMS, S.Shafqat Hussain MBBS, Saif-ur-Rahman MBBS

250 patients, 45 to 90 years were enrolled and divided into two groups. Group A underwent MSICS by superior while group B underwent MSICS by temporal scleral tunnel incision approach. At 6th week postoperatively, 42.9% of group A and 66.1% of group B had uncorrected visual acuity of 6/18
or better. 91.3% of group A and 92.2% of group B had best corrected visual acuity of 6/18 or better. Minimum and safe stigmatism is present in temporal approach