Past Issues - Vol. 13 , No. 2, January - March 2017

Al-Shifa Journal of Ophthalmology

Editorial: Evolution of Cataract Surgery: Past, Present and the Future
Sunday Okonkwo

Comparison of Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fibre Layer (RNFL) Thickness in Type II Diabetics and Normal Population
Muhammad Irfan Sadiq, Muhammad Usman Sadiq, Waseem Ahmed Khan, Sara Najeeb

This case control study was conducted to compare the mean peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness in type II Diabetics with normal population using optical coherence tomography (OCT). In each group, 68 patients of age between 40 to 50 years, of both genders were included. OCT was performed to determined the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer thickness of all patients. Mean RNFL thickness of the two groups along with the statistical difference was reported.

Comparative evaluation of conventional extracapsular cataract extraction versus manual small incision cataract surgery in terms of visual outcome

Muhammad Naeem, Hussain Ahmad, Yousaf Jamal Mahsood, Naseer Ahmad, Hina Mehwish Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad

This randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare the surgical outcome of conventional extracapsular cataract extraction versus manual small-incision cataract surgery. Ninety eyes (78 patients) were divided into two groups of conventional extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation and manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS). The postoperative parameters/variables studied were the unaided and best-corrected visual acuity and astigmatism.

Manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery, Evaluation of Visual Outcome and Complications Following Surgery in Patients with Pseudoexfoliation

Muhammad Naeem, Yousaf Jamal Mahsood, Hussain Ahmad, Nazli Gul, Hina Mehwish Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad

The aim of this work was to study the visual outcomes and the intra and postoperative complications of manual small incision cataract surgery (MSICS) in patients with Pseudoexfoliation(PXF). Study sample comprised of 56 eyes of 56 patients, undergoing manual small incision cataract surgery. Parameters like nuclear grading at baseline, dilatation of pupil during surgery was studied with respect to the final visual outcome and intra operative and postoperative complication of cataract surgery. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at 2 weeks and 6 weeks after surgery were reported.

Efficacy of Dorzolamide plus Timolol Maleate in the Treatment of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma Presented to a Tertiary Care Centre of Khyber Pukhtunkhwa
Mir Ali Shah, Mohammad Idris, Bilal Khan, Mehfooz Hussain, Kaleemullah

This interventional case series study was conducted to determine the efficacy of dorzolamide plus timolol maleate in the treatment of primary open angle glaucoma presented to a tertiary care centre. A total of 153 patients presenting with primary open angle glaucoma were subjected to combination of Dorzolamide plus Timolol maleate eye drops with 4 weeks follow up. Efficacy was defined as achievement of 25% reduction from baseline IOP.

Frequency of Different Types of Manifest Strabismus in Children
Sorath Noorani Siddiqui, Muhammad Asif, Sara Iqbal, Mir Ali Shah, Ume Habiba, Miss Rabia

This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to report the frequency of different types of manifest strabismus in children attending ophthalmology out-patient department. By A total of 711 strabismus patients were examined attending the outpatient department. Detailed strabismus evaluation was performed by orthoptists while ophthalmic examination was carried out by paediatric ophthalmologist. Frequencies and percentages of various types of strabismus were reported.

Refractive Errors in Intellectual Disable Population
Maria Kanwal, Tayyab Afghani

This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the frequency of various refractive errors in intellectually disabled population in a special school. Forty children were enrolled in this study. Auto refraction, visual acuity, objective refraction, and subjective refraction were done. The level of intellectual disability was divided into mild (IQ 50-69), moderate (IQ 35-49), severe (IQ <34). The frequency of various refractive errors was estimated as well as presence of any significant relationship between level of intellectual disability and refractive errors.

Anatomical And Physiological Outcome of Scleral Buckling with Subretinal Fluid Drainage
Muhammad Irfan Karamat, Muhammad Aftab, ZubairSaleem, Nadeemud Din Riaz, Adeel Chaudhry

This descriptive case Series evaluates the outcomes of scleral buckling with sub retinal fluid drainage in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Scleral buckling along with subretinal fluid drainage and cryopexy was performed in the studied patients (N=80). Best corrected visual acuity and clinical assessment of retina (attached or detached) were recorded pre-operatively and post-operatively on 1st & 7th day and then at 4thand 6thweeks. Percentage of cases with post operative retinal attachment and visual improvent was calculated.